DENTAL PROSTHESIS

Prosthetics are a branch of dentistry that replaces lost teeth, aesthetically corrects existing ones, or improves the function and aesthetic appearance of teeth.

What is a dental prosthesis
A dental prosthesis is an intraoral prosthesis used to restore (reconstruct) intraoral defects such as missing teeth, missing parts of teeth, and missing hard of the jaw and palate. Prosthetics is the dental specialty that focuses on dentures. These prostheses are used to rehabilitate chewing and improve aesthetics. A dental prosthesis can be held in place by connecting to teeth or dental implants, by suction, or passively held by surrounding muscles. Like other types of prostheses, they can be fixed or removable; fixed dentures and removable dentures are made in many variations.

Removable prosthesis
Implant-supported removable dentures are more similar to traditional dentures: the main difference is that instead of using adhesives to hold the denture in place, dental implants are used.

Not only are removable implant-supported dentures a better option for patients who lack the bone mass to support fixed dentures, but they are also beneficial for patients who are used to wearing traditional dentures and don’t mind having to take the their dentures out at the end of the day for cleaning. Some patients may prefer this option because they find it easier to clean. Implant-supported removable dentures are also more cost-effective.

Fixed prosthesis
Fixed prosthesis is dental prosthesis that involves the replacement and/or restoration of teeth using artificial substitutes that cannot be removed or removed from the mouth. The fixed prosthesis can be cemented, or firmly retained in natural teeth, dental roots and/or dental implant abutments.

This type of prosthesis consists of:

  • Abatements. They are the ones that support or support the prosthesis.
  • They are usually a natural tooth or an implant.
  • It is the part of the fixed prosthesis that rests on the abutments.
  • It is the artificial teeth that occupy the toothless spaces held by the retainers.
  • They are the points of union of the retainers with the bridge